Targets: Shoulders, including the anterior, medial and posterior deltoids, and triceps
Equipment: Resistance bands, tubes or dumbbells and a stability ball
Starting position: Sit on a stability ball (or a chair) with your feet slightly wider than shoulder-width apart. Center a resistance band or tube beneath both feet, or you can use 5- to 10-pound dumbbells. Grasp the handles and bring your hands level with your ears, elbows bent 90 degrees and out to the sides: You're sort of making a "W" with your arms. Contract your abdominals and maintain an erect posture. Make sure to keep your head and back straight. Movement: Exhale as you raise your hands out and up over your head. Tighten your abdominals as you press your arms toward the ceiling until only a slight bend remains in your elbows. Do not touch your hands together at the top of the move. Inhale as you slowly return to the starting position.
How many: One set of 10 repetitions
Targets: Shoulders, including anterior, medial and posterior deltoids
Equipment: Resistance bands, tubes or dumbbells
Starting position: While standing with feet shoulder-width apart, center the resistance band or tube beneath both feet (or grab the dumbbells). Keep your knees soft and slightly bent. Grasp the handles and bring your hands to your sides with your arms hanging straight down and your palms facing in toward your sides. Keep your chest up and shoulders back and upright.
Movement: Inhale, then exhale and move your arms out from your sides (keeping arms straight), moving your hands away from your legs until they are at shoulder level. You're bringing your arms out to your sides until they are parallel to the ground, so that you are forming a letter "T." Lower your arms back down to the sides of your legs and repeat. Make sure to tighten your trunk by contracting your core muscles (midsection), and keep your back straight.
How many: Two sets of 10 repetitions.
Equipment: Resistance bands, tubes or dumbbells
Starting position: Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, knees comfortable, pelvis tucked, shoulders dropped and chin level. Center the resistance band/tube under both feet and grasp the handles (or dumbbells) with your palms facing forward and your arms extended straight down from your shoulders. Keep your elbows anchored to your sides. Movement: Inhale, than exhale as you bend your elbows, palms facing up, to bring your hands three-fourths of the way to your shoulders. Inhale as you return to the starting position.
How many: Two sets of 10 repetitions
Targets: Back muscles, including latissimus dorsi, teres major, middle trapezius and rhomboids
Equipment: Pull-up bar
Starting position: First of all, be careful grasping the bar - you might want to step on a bench. (If you use a stool or bench, bend your knees to get it out of the way after you grasp the bar.) Grasp the bar with a firm grip, hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart. If your legs do not clear the ground in the dead-hang starting position, bend your knees to raise your feet. Cross your ankles for added stability.
Movement: Exhale as you raise your body in a single, smooth motion by pulling the bar toward your chest until your chin is above the bar. Do not bicycle (lift the feet alternately) or kick your legs while lifting your body. Inhale as you slowly return to the starting position.
How many: Try to do as many as you can without swinging your body and doing the exercise correctly. Goal is to do three sets of five repetitions.
Targets: Buttocks, hamstrings, quadriceps, abductors
Starting position: Stand with feet together, hands on hips
Movement: Inhale as you step forward with your right leg and bend your right knee to form a 90-degree angle. Don't lean back before stepping forward, and keep your trunk in front of your hips when you do move forward. Keep your knee directly above your toes during the downward movement to avoid overstressing the knee joint. Exhale as you push off your toes to return to the starting position. Keep an upright posture throughout the exercise. Make sure that your head, shoulders, hips and ankles are all aligned. Then alternate and do the other leg.
CHARLES PLATKIN, Ph.D., M.P.H., THE DIET DETECTIVE is one of the country's leading nutrition and public health advocates, whose syndicated health, nutrition and fitness column, the Diet Detective appears in more than 100 daily newspapers and media outlets nationally. Dr. Platkin is also the founder of DietDetective.com, which offers nutrition, food, and fitness information. Platkin is a health expert and blogger featured on Everydayhealth.com, Active.com and Fitnessmagazine.com. Additionally, Platkin is a Distinguished Lecturer at the Hunter College School of Urban Public Health and CUNY School of Public Health in New York City.
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