Diet Detective’s Guide to Eating Healthier and Performing Better at the Office

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Diet Detective’s Guide to Eating Healthier and Performing Better at the Office
We spend a lot of our waking hours at work, so it’s important to figure out a healthy strategy for eating on the job. Here are a few tips and key points.

Eat Breakfast
The journal Nutrition found that medical students who didn’t eat breakfast were more likely to be fatigued. And according to research reported in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, people who skip breakfast can be more exhausted and irritable than those who don’t. Eating breakfast makes you more productive and can even help to improve your memory. Try to plan what you’re going to eat in advance. You can even write yourself a note the night before and stick it on the bathroom mirror or the refrigerator.

Here are a few suggestions for healthy breakfasts: banana (or any fruit), instant oatmeal (e.g., Better Oats -- www.betteroats.com), low-sugar cereal and skim milk (Shredded Wheat with berries). Yogurt is packed with lean protein (nearly 30 percent of the recommended daily value) and calcium (nearly 25 percent to 40 percent of the recommended daily value). Need to eat on the run? Try Dunkin' Donuts Egg White Veggie Flatbread (280 calories) or the Egg White Turkey Sausage Flatbread (280 calories). Starbucks has The Perfect Oatmeal for only 140 calories with 4 grams of fiber – and it’s very tasty. Just avoid the added sugar topping and the dried fruit. You can also try Starbucks' Strawberry Blueberry Yogurt Parfait for 290 calories or the Spinach & Feta Breakfast Wrap made with egg whites for 290 calories. Their Reduced-Fat Turkey Bacon with Egg Whites on English Muffin is 320 calories.
 
Bring Your Own Healthy Lunch
You might even try to create a weekly menu along with a shopping list. Choose whole-wheat breads, rolls, pitas, English muffins and tortillas. You can vary the type of bread to keep lunch interesting and appealing. For filling, use lean luncheon meats, such as turkey, ham or roast beef, rather than bologna, salami or bacon. Add vegetables such as lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers or peppers.
Plain peanut butter (meaning no added sugar, just crushed peanuts) is also a good choice; try peanut butter and banana or peanut butter and raisins as a way to incorporate fruits and variety.   Also, see 20 Healthier Fast Lunches You Can Eat at www.active.com/nutrition/Articles/20-Healthy-Fast-Lunches.htm
And follow these tips:
Sandwiches and Wraps: Chicken, turkey, lean cold cuts or low-fat cheese on 100 percent whole-wheat bread (whole grain must be the first ingredient) are all great options. Wraps, whole-wheat pita bread and tortillas (not fried) are also good, but always check the calories. A 1-ounce corn tortilla has about 70 calories. Avoid mayo, tartar sauce, creamy dressings and full-fat cheese. Use mustard, ketchup, salt, pepper or vinegar.

Pasta: Use whole-wheat pasta, and add vegetables and a low-calorie sauce (50-60 calories per half cup). Pack it in a plastic container like GladWare or Tupperware. One cup of cooked whole-wheat spaghetti has 170 calories.

Salads: Buy prepackaged bags of salad and keep them in your cooler, then add your low-calorie dressing at lunchtime. Or buy McDonald's Newman's Own Low Fat Balsamic Vinaigrette at only 40 calories per packet. The packets cost about 30 cents each at McDonald’s and are not sold in all stores. Avoid nuts, croutons, noodles and creamy salad dressings.

Chicken, Turkey and Sushi: All of these can be eaten cold. With chicken and turkey, opt for white meat and remove the skin, which has most of the fat. Sushi is sold in many supermarkets in plastic containers perfect for taking "to go." (If you’re buying raw fish you’d better be sure it’s kept cold!) Choose vegetable rolls (such as California or cucumber) to get fiber and flavor for fewer calories.
There are also great lunch containers such as the ones from Fit and Fresh
 ( www.shopfitandfresh.com), LunchBots ( www.LunchBots.com ), To-Go Ware (http://www.to-goware.com/), Lunch Sense lunchbox (www.lunchsense.com) and Aladdin (www.aladdin-pmi.com).

You can buy your own mini-fridge or freezer (if you have the space) and stock up on healthy frozen meals (e.g., Healthy Choice, Smart Ones and Lean Cuisine) and soups with less than 120 calories per cup and then heat them in the company microwave.
 
Desktop Dining Could Make You Sick

 
According to a survey by the American Dietetic Association and ConAgra Foods’ Home Food Safety program 83 percent of you eat at your desktop. The problem is that many desktops are filled with bacteria that can lead to foodborne illness. Here are the ADA’s recommendations: Make sure to wash your hands, keep your office fridge clean and below 40 degrees Fahrenheit. And when using a microwave, make sure that all the food is heated correctly.
 
Ordering In
Scout out healthy choices at the eateries in your area (create a menu book and circle the healthy foods in advance). Keep the menus in your Internet bookmarks, desk drawer or locker. Also, call and ask the restaurant the following: "Will you make special orders? Is this dish fried? Is it cooked with oil or butter? Can you steam the vegetables or fish? What do you use to make the sauce? Can you prepare it without the cheese/sauce? Can you serve the sauce on the side? How many ounces is the serving of beef, chicken or fish? Do you offer any other healthy choices that are not listed on the menu?"

Don't be embarrassed about making special requests. You are the only one who will suffer if you don’t.

Once you compile your list of approved restaurants and healthy menu choices, you can be even more organized and create a phone or online order list of your top selections. Better yet, prearrange a delivery or pick-up time with a few places for certain days of the week. That way, you'll never find yourself so hungry that you scarf down a few slices of the stuffed-crust pizza your officemates just ordered. Keep in mind, you can check online menus and set up deliveries for many restaurants. If you’re in a large city, there are even menu aggregators such as grubhub.com or menupages.com

 
Eating Out
There are lots of ways to eat out, have a good time stuffing your face, and still eat healthfully. Start by picking places that offer healthy choices. Also, follow a few of these tips:
- Limit mayo, tartar sauce, creamy dressings and extra cheese.
- Ask for dressing, sauces, butter or sour cream on the side.
- Use mustard, ketchup, salt, pepper or vinegar as fat-free ways to season your food.
- Watch nuts, croutons and other salad add-ons.
- Chicken and fish are good choices only if they're grilled or broiled, NOT breaded or deep-fried.
- Avoid large portions. Split your entrée with a co-worker, or ask for a half portion.
- Read the menu. Avoid any of the following words: a la mode, au gratin (covered with cheese), battered, bisque, breaded, buttered, cheese sauce, creamy or rich, crispy, deep-fried, deluxe, fried, hollandaise (sauce made with butter and egg yolks), jumbo, nuts, scalloped, sautéed (unless you make a special request for it to be prepared in a small amount of oil) and tempura.
- Don't be afraid to ask questions or make special requests.
-Liquor is fattening and also causes you to eat more by lowering your inhibitions.

Snacking
Healthy snacks help to ensure that you have enough fuel to keep going throughout the day. Try nuts, which are nutrient powerhouses; air-popped popcorn or healthy bars such as CLIF C Bars, made exclusively from organically grown fruits and nuts, or Larabars. Clearly, the best snacks are fruits and veggies. Keep a bowl of fruit on your desk. You might even wind up encouraging others in your office to “snack healthy.” Research shows that you eat more than twice as much food when it's left out on your desk as you do when it's kept behind closed doors. So keep candy and other unhealthy snacks out of sight.
 
Vending Machines
Learn to seek out healthy alternatives in the vending machines. They’re becoming more and more common. Some vending companies even mark the healthier options, including real fruit – try to get your company to change what’s in their machines if they haven’t already done so. If the healthier options are not clear, choose the nuts or seeds.

Make It Social and Bet
There's strength in numbers! Team up with a co-worker who is also determined to lose weight. An office diet buddy can provide you with emotional support and reminders. Exchange recipes. Share information by taking turns looking up nutrition facts about a food you both like and help one another make better and more interesting choices.

You can also organize a betting pool. Betting on whether you can actually lose weight, exercise and get in shape can make it fun. Take a look at Stickk.com, fatbet.net and makemoneylosingweight.com
 
Set Rules
Most offices are breeding grounds for nibbling just because the foods are there. But a nibble here and there can easily add up to more than a meal. To combat temptation and empower yourself, set some ground rules, and have alternatives or limitations set up in advance for celebrations involving cookies, pizza or bagels.

Created: August 15, 2012  Last Reviewed:


CHARLES PLATKIN, Ph.D., M.P.H., THE DIET DETECTIVE is one of the country's leading nutrition and public health advocates, whose syndicated health, nutrition and fitness column, the Diet Detective appears in more than 100 daily newspapers and media outlets nationally. Dr. Platkin is also the founder of DietDetective.com, which offers nutrition, food, and fitness information. Platkin is a health expert and blogger featured on Everydayhealth.com, Active.com and Fitnessmagazine.com. Additionally, Platkin is a Distinguished Lecturer at the Hunter College School of Urban Public Health and CUNY School of Public Health in New York City.

 

The information provided on this site is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her existing physician.